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How to Prevent Rainy Season for Large Cranes?
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How to Prevent Rainy Season for Large Cranes?

Views: 16     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2019-05-17      Origin: www.fuchun-casting.com

How to Prevent Rainy Season for Large Cranes?

A crane is a type of machine, generally equipped with a hoist rope, wire ropes or chains, and sheaves, that can be used both to lift and lower materials and to move them horizontally. It is mainly used for lifting heavy things and transporting them to other places. The device uses one or more simple machines to create mechanical advantage and thus move loads beyond the normal capability of a human. Cranes are commonly employed in the transport industry for the loading and unloading of freight, in the construction industry for the movement of materials, and in the manufacturing industry for the assembling of Heavy Equipment.

Large cranes for open-pit operations, such as quayside container cranes, loading and unloading bridges, portal cranes, mobile tower cranes, bridge erectors and large crawler cranes, have different mechanisms, but they all have the same characteristics: high equipment, large size and large windward area. Therefore, it is extremely vulnerable to lightning strikes, typhoons and gusts. At the same time, the activities of sunshine and rainstorm are frequent, and the rainwater becomes more acidic with the harsh environment, which corrodes the large lifting machinery alternately. The crane is easy to corrode, making the mechanical work of open-pit operation more difficult. At this time, we need to do a good job of rust prevention in time.

Large Cranes

So how do we maintain and prevent rust? What should we pay attention to?

(1) For the damaged part of the paint film on the metal structure, the surface of the component should be cleaned up and coated with anti-rust paint and decorative paint film to protect the metal surface from rust after rain and snow.


(2) In the movable parts of the lifting machinery, such as the connecting pin of the sling and the crane, the guide wheels, the trolley wheels and so on, we should conscientiously do a good job of rust prevention. After shutdown, brush these parts clean first, remove the impurities, moisture, rust spots that can lead to rust, and then use - 10 or - 20 diesel oil for these parts, because - 10 or - 20 diesel oil has stronger permeability than engine oil, loaded twisted parts can penetrate into the metal surface, resulting in oil film, and because of its low freezing point, it can resist low temperature.


(3) After cleaning and lubricating with diesel oil, a layer of grease is applied. Calcium or lithium grease is a good choice, because these two greases have good mechanical stability, adhesion and water resistance, and the solidification point can reach - 20 degrees. When applying grease, the coating should not be too thick.


(4) In the process of design and manufacture of lifting machinery, and in the selection and use of cranes, the design and manufacture units of lifting machinery should fully consider the influence of environmental and climatic factors on the cranes, adapt to environmental design, reasonably select materials in the manufacturing process, and take effective preventive measures in the use process,in order to ensure the safety of lifting machinery.


Daily maintenance and rust prevention work is the key to improve the service life and working ability of Open-pit Machinery.



  • What is 'multiple certification'?

    This is where a batch of steel meets more than one specification or grade. It is a way of allowing melting shops to produce stainless steel more efficiently by restricting the number of different types of steel. The chemical composition and mechanical properties of the steel can meet more than one grade within the same standard or across a number of standards. This also allows stockholders to minimise stock levels.

    For example, it is common for 1.4401 and 1.4404 (316 and 316L) to be dual certified - that is the carbon content is less than 0.030%. Steel certified to both European and US standards is also common.

  • What surface finishes are available on stainless steels?

    There are many different types of surface finish on stainless steel. Some of these originate from the mill but many are applied later during processing, for example polished, brushed, blasted, etched and coloured finishes.

    The importance of surface finish in determining the corrosion resistance of the stainless steel surface cannot be overemphasised. A rough surface finish can effectively lower the corrosion resistance to that of a lower grade of stainless steel.

  • Can I use stainless steel at high temperatures?

    Various types of stainless steel are used across the whole temperature range from ambient to 1100 deg C. The choice of grade depends on several factors:

    1. Maximum temperature of operation
    2. Time at temperature, cyclic nature of process
    3. Type of atmosphere, oxidising , reducing, sulphidising, carburising.
    4. Strength requirement

    In the European standards, a distinction is made between stainless steels and heat-resisting steels. However, this distinction is often blurred and it is useful to consider them as one range of steels.

    Increasing amounts of Chromium and silicon impart greater oxidation resistance. Increasing amounts of Nickel impart greater carburisation resistance.

  • Can I use stainless steel at low temperatures?

    Austenitic stainless steels are extensively used for service down to as low as liquid helium temperature (-269 deg C). This is largely due to the lack of a clearly defined transition from ductile to brittle fracture in impact toughness testing.

    Toughness is measured by impacting a small sample with a swinging hammer. The distance which the hammer swings after impact is a measure of the toughness. The shorter the distance, the tougher the steel as the energy of the hammer is absorbed by the sample. Toughness is measured in Joules (J). Minimum values of toughness are specified for different applications. A value of 40 J is regarded as reasonable for most service conditions.

    Steels with ferritic or martensitic structures show a sudden change from ductile (safe) to brittle (unsafe) fracture over a small temperature difference. Even the best of these steels show this behaviour at temperatures higher than -100 deg C and in many cases only just below zero.

    In contrast austenitic steels only show a gradual fall in the impact toughness value and are still well above 100 J at -196 deg C.

    Another factor in affecting the choice of steel at low temperature is the ability to resist transformation from austenite to martensite. 

  • Is stainless steel non-magnetic?

    It is commonly stated that “stainless steel is non-magnetic”. This is not strictly true and the real situation is rather more complicated. The degree of magnetic response or magnetic permeability is derived from the microstructure of the steel. A totally non-magnetic material has a relative magnetic permeability of 1. Austenitic structures are totally non-magnetic and so a 100% austenitic stainless steel would have a permeability of 1. In practice this is not achieved. There is always a small amount of ferrite and/or martensite in the steel and so permeability values are always above 1. Typical values for standard austenitic stainless steels can be in the order of 1.05 – 1.1. 

    It is possible for the magnetic permeability of austenitic steels to be changed during processing. For example, cold work and welding are liable to increase the amount of martensite and ferrite respectively in the steel. A familiar example is in a stainless steel sink where the flat drainer has little magnetic response whereas the pressed bowl has a higher response due to the formation of martensite particularly in the corners.

    In practical terms, austenitic stainless steels are used for “non-magnetic” applications, for example magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In these cases, it is often necessary to agree a maximum magnetic permeability between customer and supplier. It can be as low as 1.004.

    Martensitic, ferritic, duplex and precipitation hardening steels are magnetic.

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