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How to improve the quality of precision casting
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How to improve the quality of precision casting

Views: 3     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2018-05-03      Origin: Site

H2. Method 1: process planning: strictly control the process, before the tanks, to ensure that the appearance and the sand core is with temperature condition, to ensure when pouring molten steel liquid, on appearance coarse broken place choose luck gentleman family ISOMOL300 alcohol-based zircon powder coating to brush after ignition baking, make mould appearance lubrication.

H3. Method 2: mold planning: the top stainless steel castings appearance treatment from the mold, the mold of the handle clean appearance, namely appearance using sandpaper nitro paint after rub-up, choose metal or plastic mould for high precision castings, progressive die appearance of finish.

H4. Method 3: rounded planning: to avoid occur when stainless steel forging white, in addition to the adopted measures from the technology, it is necessary to make its wall thickness too thin, when more than 15 mm wall thickness, type with metal forging casting corner is necessary to choose the rounded;

H5. Method 4: wall thickness planning: because the metal mold heat faster, so the minimum wall thickness stainless steel forging should be larger than sand mould forging of castings, all kinds of forging forged alloy, different basis on the minimum wall thickness.

H6. Method 5: sanding planning: the polishing process removes the burr of the flying side, the surface is not smooth, the polishing process, the lubrication is excessive. As for the finished casting, the grit size of the steel shot is 0. 85-1. 4mm, hardness hrc40-50, maximum hardness error plus or minus HRC3. 0.

H7. Method 6: material planning: raw materials, appearance and core making use of zirconium sand resin sand, mesh from 75 to 150, selects the thermosetting resin, mixed grinding move high refractoriness, good appearance and smooth, breakup sex good, simple shakeout.

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  • What is 'multiple certification'?

    This is where a batch of steel meets more than one specification or grade. It is a way of allowing melting shops to produce stainless steel more efficiently by restricting the number of different types of steel. The chemical composition and mechanical properties of the steel can meet more than one grade within the same standard or across a number of standards. This also allows stockholders to minimise stock levels.

    For example, it is common for 1.4401 and 1.4404 (316 and 316L) to be dual certified - that is the carbon content is less than 0.030%. Steel certified to both European and US standards is also common.

  • What surface finishes are available on stainless steels?

    There are many different types of surface finish on stainless steel. Some of these originate from the mill but many are applied later during processing, for example polished, brushed, blasted, etched and coloured finishes.

    The importance of surface finish in determining the corrosion resistance of the stainless steel surface cannot be overemphasised. A rough surface finish can effectively lower the corrosion resistance to that of a lower grade of stainless steel.

  • Can I use stainless steel at high temperatures?

    Various types of stainless steel are used across the whole temperature range from ambient to 1100 deg C. The choice of grade depends on several factors:

    1. Maximum temperature of operation
    2. Time at temperature, cyclic nature of process
    3. Type of atmosphere, oxidising , reducing, sulphidising, carburising.
    4. Strength requirement

    In the European standards, a distinction is made between stainless steels and heat-resisting steels. However, this distinction is often blurred and it is useful to consider them as one range of steels.

    Increasing amounts of Chromium and silicon impart greater oxidation resistance. Increasing amounts of Nickel impart greater carburisation resistance.

  • Can I use stainless steel at low temperatures?

    Austenitic stainless steels are extensively used for service down to as low as liquid helium temperature (-269 deg C). This is largely due to the lack of a clearly defined transition from ductile to brittle fracture in impact toughness testing.

    Toughness is measured by impacting a small sample with a swinging hammer. The distance which the hammer swings after impact is a measure of the toughness. The shorter the distance, the tougher the steel as the energy of the hammer is absorbed by the sample. Toughness is measured in Joules (J). Minimum values of toughness are specified for different applications. A value of 40 J is regarded as reasonable for most service conditions.

    Steels with ferritic or martensitic structures show a sudden change from ductile (safe) to brittle (unsafe) fracture over a small temperature difference. Even the best of these steels show this behaviour at temperatures higher than -100 deg C and in many cases only just below zero.

    In contrast austenitic steels only show a gradual fall in the impact toughness value and are still well above 100 J at -196 deg C.

    Another factor in affecting the choice of steel at low temperature is the ability to resist transformation from austenite to martensite. 

  • Is stainless steel non-magnetic?

    It is commonly stated that “stainless steel is non-magnetic”. This is not strictly true and the real situation is rather more complicated. The degree of magnetic response or magnetic permeability is derived from the microstructure of the steel. A totally non-magnetic material has a relative magnetic permeability of 1. Austenitic structures are totally non-magnetic and so a 100% austenitic stainless steel would have a permeability of 1. In practice this is not achieved. There is always a small amount of ferrite and/or martensite in the steel and so permeability values are always above 1. Typical values for standard austenitic stainless steels can be in the order of 1.05 – 1.1. 

    It is possible for the magnetic permeability of austenitic steels to be changed during processing. For example, cold work and welding are liable to increase the amount of martensite and ferrite respectively in the steel. A familiar example is in a stainless steel sink where the flat drainer has little magnetic response whereas the pressed bowl has a higher response due to the formation of martensite particularly in the corners.

    In practical terms, austenitic stainless steels are used for “non-magnetic” applications, for example magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In these cases, it is often necessary to agree a maximum magnetic permeability between customer and supplier. It can be as low as 1.004.

    Martensitic, ferritic, duplex and precipitation hardening steels are magnetic.

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