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What is the development status and future of agricultural machinery in China?
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What is the development status and future of agricultural machinery in China?

Views: 38     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2018-07-20      Origin: www.fuchun-casting.com

Agriculture as a primary industry should be very important for a developing country like China.As far as agricultural machinery is concerned, it is the product of industry developing to a certain stage and feeding back agriculture, so it has both industrial characteristics and agricultural characteristics.

In fact, no matter which country in the world, the first industry accounts for the absolute proportion at the beginning.Agriculture represents the strength and weakness of the national economy, which is the period of the agricultural country. Then, with the sprouting of capitalism and the rise of the industrial revolution, the advanced countries began to change from the agricultural country to the industrial country, and then after the development of post-industry, from extensive industry to high-tech industry, and serve the whole society.

Following the development of agricultural technology (represented by agricultural machinery), the liberated labor force, together with the rapid development of the market, promoted the formation and development of the tertiary industry - - service industry, and then the tertiary industry reacted on the other two industries to promote circulation, develop talent and so on.

China's agricultural machinery market from the traditional high-speed growth into the new normal speed adjustment, kinetic energy conversion, transformation and upgrading has become the main driving force for quality development.

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The current situation of China's agricultural machinery Market:


First, some raw materials will rise in price and rebuild production and marketing synergy. Under the background of supply-side structural reform, the acceleration of production capacity, the upgrading of environmental protection and the landing of measures will restrict the release of production capacity of enterprises whose environmental protection is not up to standard at this stage, and promote the withdrawal of non-standard enterprises'production capacity. The original supply chain of agricultural machinery enterprises has been broken, the supply of raw materials is tightening, the demand of main engine enterprises is increasing synchronously, and the new supply system is reconstructed rapidly to ensure the new balance of production and marketing.


Next is the aggravation of sales promotion and the shock of market demand. Affected by various factors, such as the decrease of the total subsidy for agricultural machinery, the decrease of the subsidy for some products, the serious overdraft of second-class products, and the decrease of grain income of some regional users, the purchasing power and willingness of some users have been reduced. Agricultural machinery enterprises to achieve the year-round business objectives, from the beginning of the year began to implement a vigorous, wide range of product promotions, scramble for market opportunities, individual products and even production costs and sales prices hang upside down phenomenon.


Finally, some enterprises have reduced their operating profits and challenged the short-term development. Competition in the market has intensified, the promotion of enterprises has intensified, raw materials prices caused by the dual factors of agricultural machinery manufacturing costs, sales prices reduced, enterprise development capacity reduced. Some distributors are facing either price wars by way of price reduction or problems of high inventory and difficult capital turnover. The ability of market development and after-sales service is obviously reduced, and the channel distribution focus shifts and changes appear.


Prospects for China's agricultural machinery Market:


Nevertheless, under the assault of the national agricultural machinery subsidy policy, agricultural machinery is still developing. With the transfer of rural labor force, the implementation of land transfer policy and the launching of land consolidation policy, the development of agricultural machinery can be expected, optimistic, but also inevitable to move forward. Agricultural machinery industry is still a sunrise industry, the concept of development is not formed in a day, the realization of development goals will not be achieved overnight, to follow the objective law, stable, innovative drive. In order to develop, enterprises should concentrate on advantageous resources, develop ability, form differentiated advantages and enhance competitiveness in an all-round way.

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  • What is 'multiple certification'?

    This is where a batch of steel meets more than one specification or grade. It is a way of allowing melting shops to produce stainless steel more efficiently by restricting the number of different types of steel. The chemical composition and mechanical properties of the steel can meet more than one grade within the same standard or across a number of standards. This also allows stockholders to minimise stock levels.

    For example, it is common for 1.4401 and 1.4404 (316 and 316L) to be dual certified - that is the carbon content is less than 0.030%. Steel certified to both European and US standards is also common.

  • What surface finishes are available on stainless steels?

    There are many different types of surface finish on stainless steel. Some of these originate from the mill but many are applied later during processing, for example polished, brushed, blasted, etched and coloured finishes.

    The importance of surface finish in determining the corrosion resistance of the stainless steel surface cannot be overemphasised. A rough surface finish can effectively lower the corrosion resistance to that of a lower grade of stainless steel.

  • Can I use stainless steel at high temperatures?

    Various types of stainless steel are used across the whole temperature range from ambient to 1100 deg C. The choice of grade depends on several factors:

    1. Maximum temperature of operation
    2. Time at temperature, cyclic nature of process
    3. Type of atmosphere, oxidising , reducing, sulphidising, carburising.
    4. Strength requirement

    In the European standards, a distinction is made between stainless steels and heat-resisting steels. However, this distinction is often blurred and it is useful to consider them as one range of steels.

    Increasing amounts of Chromium and silicon impart greater oxidation resistance. Increasing amounts of Nickel impart greater carburisation resistance.

  • Can I use stainless steel at low temperatures?

    Austenitic stainless steels are extensively used for service down to as low as liquid helium temperature (-269 deg C). This is largely due to the lack of a clearly defined transition from ductile to brittle fracture in impact toughness testing.

    Toughness is measured by impacting a small sample with a swinging hammer. The distance which the hammer swings after impact is a measure of the toughness. The shorter the distance, the tougher the steel as the energy of the hammer is absorbed by the sample. Toughness is measured in Joules (J). Minimum values of toughness are specified for different applications. A value of 40 J is regarded as reasonable for most service conditions.

    Steels with ferritic or martensitic structures show a sudden change from ductile (safe) to brittle (unsafe) fracture over a small temperature difference. Even the best of these steels show this behaviour at temperatures higher than -100 deg C and in many cases only just below zero.

    In contrast austenitic steels only show a gradual fall in the impact toughness value and are still well above 100 J at -196 deg C.

    Another factor in affecting the choice of steel at low temperature is the ability to resist transformation from austenite to martensite. 

  • Is stainless steel non-magnetic?

    It is commonly stated that “stainless steel is non-magnetic”. This is not strictly true and the real situation is rather more complicated. The degree of magnetic response or magnetic permeability is derived from the microstructure of the steel. A totally non-magnetic material has a relative magnetic permeability of 1. Austenitic structures are totally non-magnetic and so a 100% austenitic stainless steel would have a permeability of 1. In practice this is not achieved. There is always a small amount of ferrite and/or martensite in the steel and so permeability values are always above 1. Typical values for standard austenitic stainless steels can be in the order of 1.05 – 1.1. 

    It is possible for the magnetic permeability of austenitic steels to be changed during processing. For example, cold work and welding are liable to increase the amount of martensite and ferrite respectively in the steel. A familiar example is in a stainless steel sink where the flat drainer has little magnetic response whereas the pressed bowl has a higher response due to the formation of martensite particularly in the corners.

    In practical terms, austenitic stainless steels are used for “non-magnetic” applications, for example magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In these cases, it is often necessary to agree a maximum magnetic permeability between customer and supplier. It can be as low as 1.004.

    Martensitic, ferritic, duplex and precipitation hardening steels are magnetic.

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