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Do you know the secret of Automobile Hub?
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Do you know the secret of Automobile Hub?

Views: 25     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2018-11-11      Origin: www.fuchun-casting.com

Automotive hub is an important part of automotive. With the growth of China's automotive parts industry, the hub industry has gradually developed and expanded.

Hubs on the market can be divided into steel hubs and alloy hubs according to their materials, each with advantages and disadvantages.


The main advantage of steel hub is that the manufacturing process is simple (usually casting process) cost is relatively low, and the ability to resist metal fatigue is very strong, which is commonly known as cheap and strong. But the disadvantages of steel hub are ugly appearance, heavy weight (the same hub steel is much heavier than aluminum alloy), large inertia resistance, poor heat dissipation, and very easy to rust.


Alloy hub can make up for above problem, lighter weight, less inertia resistance, high manufacturing accuracy, small deformation at high speed, less inertia resistance, which is conducive to improve the straight-line driving performance of the car, reduce tire rolling resistance, thereby reducing fuel consumption.

automobile hubs


At the same time, we also have a question, why are automobiles usually 7 spokes hub, 7 for 360 degrees is also a fundamentally irreducible angle, is it not troublesome in production?


In fact, this is a structural design to avoid deformation and cracks in casting manufacturing.When designing wheel spokes, we should try our best to make them shrink freely so as not to cause cracks.

 internal stress in hub

If the spokes of wheels are even, the spokes are easy to shape, but each spoke is arranged in a straight line with the other. When the wheels are manufactured in the cooling process, they are restrained and blocked each other during shrinkage, and the internal stress is too large to cause cracks.

So in practice, we will use curved spoke or odd spoke design, which can relieve internal stress by means of micro-deformation of spoke or rim, thus reducing the risk of cracking.



  • What is 'multiple certification'?

    This is where a batch of steel meets more than one specification or grade. It is a way of allowing melting shops to produce stainless steel more efficiently by restricting the number of different types of steel. The chemical composition and mechanical properties of the steel can meet more than one grade within the same standard or across a number of standards. This also allows stockholders to minimise stock levels.

    For example, it is common for 1.4401 and 1.4404 (316 and 316L) to be dual certified - that is the carbon content is less than 0.030%. Steel certified to both European and US standards is also common.

  • What surface finishes are available on stainless steels?

    There are many different types of surface finish on stainless steel. Some of these originate from the mill but many are applied later during processing, for example polished, brushed, blasted, etched and coloured finishes.

    The importance of surface finish in determining the corrosion resistance of the stainless steel surface cannot be overemphasised. A rough surface finish can effectively lower the corrosion resistance to that of a lower grade of stainless steel.

  • Can I use stainless steel at high temperatures?

    Various types of stainless steel are used across the whole temperature range from ambient to 1100 deg C. The choice of grade depends on several factors:

    1. Maximum temperature of operation
    2. Time at temperature, cyclic nature of process
    3. Type of atmosphere, oxidising , reducing, sulphidising, carburising.
    4. Strength requirement

    In the European standards, a distinction is made between stainless steels and heat-resisting steels. However, this distinction is often blurred and it is useful to consider them as one range of steels.

    Increasing amounts of Chromium and silicon impart greater oxidation resistance. Increasing amounts of Nickel impart greater carburisation resistance.

  • Can I use stainless steel at low temperatures?

    Austenitic stainless steels are extensively used for service down to as low as liquid helium temperature (-269 deg C). This is largely due to the lack of a clearly defined transition from ductile to brittle fracture in impact toughness testing.

    Toughness is measured by impacting a small sample with a swinging hammer. The distance which the hammer swings after impact is a measure of the toughness. The shorter the distance, the tougher the steel as the energy of the hammer is absorbed by the sample. Toughness is measured in Joules (J). Minimum values of toughness are specified for different applications. A value of 40 J is regarded as reasonable for most service conditions.

    Steels with ferritic or martensitic structures show a sudden change from ductile (safe) to brittle (unsafe) fracture over a small temperature difference. Even the best of these steels show this behaviour at temperatures higher than -100 deg C and in many cases only just below zero.

    In contrast austenitic steels only show a gradual fall in the impact toughness value and are still well above 100 J at -196 deg C.

    Another factor in affecting the choice of steel at low temperature is the ability to resist transformation from austenite to martensite. 

  • Is stainless steel non-magnetic?

    It is commonly stated that “stainless steel is non-magnetic”. This is not strictly true and the real situation is rather more complicated. The degree of magnetic response or magnetic permeability is derived from the microstructure of the steel. A totally non-magnetic material has a relative magnetic permeability of 1. Austenitic structures are totally non-magnetic and so a 100% austenitic stainless steel would have a permeability of 1. In practice this is not achieved. There is always a small amount of ferrite and/or martensite in the steel and so permeability values are always above 1. Typical values for standard austenitic stainless steels can be in the order of 1.05 – 1.1. 

    It is possible for the magnetic permeability of austenitic steels to be changed during processing. For example, cold work and welding are liable to increase the amount of martensite and ferrite respectively in the steel. A familiar example is in a stainless steel sink where the flat drainer has little magnetic response whereas the pressed bowl has a higher response due to the formation of martensite particularly in the corners.

    In practical terms, austenitic stainless steels are used for “non-magnetic” applications, for example magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In these cases, it is often necessary to agree a maximum magnetic permeability between customer and supplier. It can be as low as 1.004.

    Martensitic, ferritic, duplex and precipitation hardening steels are magnetic.

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